According to the Runnymede report, we can identify Islamophobia when it comes to any of the following conceptions about Islam or people of Muslim faith:
Vision of Islam as a monolithic block, static and doesn’t respond to changes.
Vision of Islam as a separate thing, as « the other. » It has no values in common with other cultures, is not influenced by them, and doesn’t influence them.
Vision of Islam as inferior to The West. It looks like a barbarian, irrational, primitive and sexist.
Vision of Islam as violent, aggressive, threatening, supporting terrorism, and related to the clash of civilizations.
Vision of Islam as a political ideology, which is used for political or military advantage.
The criticism about West, by Muslims, are perceived as inappropriate.
Hostility to Islam is used to justify discriminatory practices towards Muslims and the exclusion of Muslims from society in general.
Hostility towards Muslims is seen as something natural and normal.
This closed view is contrasted with an open view of Islam, based on respect, which allows legitimate disagreement, dialogue and criticism. According to Benn i Jawad, the Runnymede Trust underlines that anti-Muslim discourse is progressively viewed as reasonable, giving examples of how hostility towards Muslims is accepted as normal, even among those who are fighting other types of discrimination.